Páginas vistas en total

viernes, 30 de mayo de 2014


People dance since prehistoric times to the present. Dance has been changed in that time. It is a type of expression that uses body movements to transmit feelings from choreography or improvisation. It's a movement in the space with rhythm. We can find some forms of dance, as:

  •  Tango 
  •  Charleston 
  •  Flamenco 
  •  Greek Dance 
  •  Aztec Dance 
  • Moderns - Hip-Hop
  •  Ballroom dancing

  •  Hip-hop 
  •  Rock n'Roll 
  •  Funky 
  •  Electro dance 
  •  Breakdance 
  •  Salsa 
  • Classics - Ballet
    Traditionals - Flamenco
  •  Jazz

  •  Ballet 
  •  Contemporary Dance 
  •  Contemporary Ballet
  • Contemporany Jazz

Now, I'm going to explain my favourites dances: First, BALLET, it is an argument by music and dance. Its origin is in the court of king Louis XIV in France as a show that joins poetry, dance, music, architecture and painting. The Twentieth century is considered as the ballet's century. It's needed a lot of control of the body that has to be acquired as young as possible and a lot of discipline and concentration, because each step has a function and is perfectly connected to the music, so you can't make even the minimum mistake. Hands, knees, legs, arms, head, feet and whole body in general is in a complete harmony.  We can highlight pieces of Tchaikovsky like: Sleeping Beauty, The Nutcracker or Swan Lake; and Stravinsky, as: the Firebird or Pulcinella. For me, people who dance as well as the girls in this video have done a lot of work, and is very interesting to watch it and think in all the time that they have spent doing this. 

The ELECTRO DANCE mixes differents types of dance such as hip-hop, vogue, disco, popping... It's based in the movement of the hands. It's often free and  you can make the shapes that you want. Also, it's based in geometrics shapes to form with the body. It has a lot of difficult because you have to be very concentrated in the music, the movements and the choreography in general. It can be slow or fast, depends of the person and how he wants to do the speed. It's is often danced in teams; you have to put strength in steps, occupy the whole stage to dance... There are a lot of competitions of this type of modern dance. I think it's very complicated because of the coordination, but also because of the music, that is difficult to dance and to fit the movements, but is very interesting to watch and to learn about it. 

TANGO. This type of traditional dance has its origin in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Enrique Santos Discépolo, which is one of the most importants characteres in the world of tango, said that it's a sad thought that is danced, because of the emotional relationship of each person with his body and the bodies of the dancers together. It's danced in pairs, but you can dance tango alone. It has binary or tertiary form, that makes interesting the way in which the dancers introduce the movements.

CONTEMPORANY JAZZ is my favourite type of dance and the one that I enjoy the most. The best in contemporany jazz is improvise. You can dance it when, where and how you want. For me, it's the most expressive dance in the world. You need a lot of concentration and you have to feel the music to dance it well, if you don't feel it, you can't dance it. It's about to express something by movements. If you haven't finished watching the other videos, you have to finish watching this one; it's very expressive and worth to watch it. In my opinion, contemporany in general is the best type of dance. I hope you like it much as me.

If you don't want to try to dance, I recommend you to see some very well documented films in the world of stage and dance, such as: Black Swan, Save the Last Dance, Footlose, Dirty Dancing, Chicago, Billy Elliot, Top-Hat, Centre Stage: Turn It Up, Stomp the Yard, Step Up, Make it Happen, How She Move, Bring it on, Grease and all the musicals... 

Dance is the best way to express things that you don't know how to say, and people don't believe it. For me, that's true, and if everyone dances, the world would be more happy, and people don't believe it, either. 

María López Vigueras

lunes, 26 de mayo de 2014



Calle13 is a band of rap rock and rap coalition of Puerto Rico, composed by the stepbrothers René Pérez and Eduardo José, since the mother of the first got married with the father of the second although them later the siblings got divorced they maintained its good relationship. René alias Resident and Eduardo alias visitor threw her first video in 2005. Their first called album Calle13, had a great success at local level ending up being sixth in Top Latin.
One month later the president from Puerto Rico recognized to be follower of Calle13.

The band has won 19 Latin Grammy Awards and two Grammy Awards and being in the highest urban music Grammy winners.
In short trajectory, the duet has popular become in Latin America.
Remain silent 13 there is led and participated in several campaigns philanthropy in Latin America. The November 24, 2010, the band performed a concert in Buenos Aires, Argentina entitled Becomes intimate you and Interactive organized by MuchMusic and where inflows milk cartons were exchanged in infant powder, which were then donated to soup kitchens helps of the organization through Semiyero.22 That same year participated in to free festival in Square of May in order to seek justice for the murder of Argentine militant leftist Workers Party Mariano Ferreyra.23

In February 2011, Remain silent 13 made.. three presentations at Moon Park in Buenos Aires, where they collected school supplies that were intended for Cultural the Center Embroiders to support therapies and artistic activities that provide patients with mental health Hospital it Embroiders.

The band is known for its eclectic musical style that mixes varied, such as rap , rock , ska , merengue, bossa nova , Balkan music , Latin American folklore , Colombian cumbia, cumbia slum , candombe , salsa, afrobeat , electronic styles , including others, often using unconventional instruments . At first the band scored a group of reggaeton , but soon distance themselves from this style. The band is also known for its satirical lyrics and a social commentary on topics of Latin American politics and culture today.
The band has won 19 Latin Grammy Awards and two Grammy Awards and being in the highest urban music Grammy winners .
In short trajectory , the duo has become popular in Latin America.


Calle 13: MultiViral - portada reducida

MultiViral (2014)

Calle 13: Entren los que quieran - portada reducida

Entren los que quieran (2010)
Calle 13: Los de atrás vienen conmigo - portada reducida

Los de atrás vienen conmigo (2008)
Calle 13: Residente o Visitante - portada reducida

Residente o Visitante (2007)
Calle 13 - portada reducida

Calle13 (2005)
                              Additional Information
Calle 13 has led and participated in several campaigns philanthropy in Latin America . The November 24, 2010 , the band performed a concert in Buenos Aires , Argentina entitled " Intimate and Interactive " organized by MuchMusic and where inflows milk cartons were exchanged in infant powder , which were then donated to soup kitchens helps of the organization through Semiyero.22 That same year participated in a free festival in Plaza de Mayo in order to seek justice for the murder of Argentine militant leftist Workers Party Mariano Ferreyra

In February 2011 , Calle 13 made ​​three presentations at Luna Park in Buenos Aires , where they collected school supplies that were intended for the Cultural Center Borda to support therapies and artistic activities that provide patients with mental health Hospital Borda .

                    Iván Jiménez Manzano

Our Patron, San Jorge

Our Patron, San Jorge

In my another entry, I spoke about my second life, the scouts. But now I talk about our patron, San jorge. The last 10-11 of may, a lot of scouts of Murcia we met in Cotocuadros, to celebrate this holiday and when we met, normally we mount a few incredible holidays. The saturday, we did a yinkana in the morning and every group dressed of a country, in our case we were France. And our test was treating on eating croissants and "nocilla". Later, we have time to meet new friends And when the night  came the holiday came. This is a little video of the party and later more groups scouts came.

Now, I will teach a photo to you where we were encamping...
On Sunday we did a march up to coming to a very nice reservoir and did some activities in which it reinforced the confidence strictly between ourselves. To finish my entry, I want to say my opinion:
This weekend was one of the best, and it would not change it for anything, because I spent it to myself very well, I met new people, did many activities, and it was an incredible experience. This is my second life and I dont chage it for nothing, and if you want to know more of the Scouts, only put your comentary and I will answer you.

~Paula Vázquez Cintrano

domingo, 25 de mayo de 2014


Friends is an American television programme created and produced by Marta Kauffman and David Crane. It first aired on September 22, 1994 on NBC and ended on May 6, 2004. It talks about the lives of six friends -Rachel Green, Monica Geller, Phoebe Buffay, Joey Tribbiani, Chandler Bing and Ross Geller - they live in Manhattan, New York. They live good and bad situations but they are always represented comically. After the great success they had in their country, the programme began airing around the world with the same results, being today considered one of the best programmes in the history of television.
The opening of this programme during all the seasons was " I'll Be There For You " The Rembrandts'. It also had 236 chapters of 22 minutes approximately.


         Jennifer Aniston as Rachel Green: Monica's friend since childhood but in the beginning of the programme they don’t see each other in a long time. She is the daughter of wealthy parents and she has two sisters, Jill and Amy. At the beginning of the programme she leaves her fiance at her wedding because she realizes that she doesn’t love him. She leaves behind her comfortable life to work and earn their own money. First started as a waitress at Central Perk until she started working in the fashion world. In the programme, Rachel has appeared with a lot of boyfriends but finally she marries Ross.

 Matthew Perry as Chandler Bing: He has met Ross since university and  he use sarcasm all the time. He hates Thanksgiving day and also hates his job. He had a traumatic childhood, finally he marries Monica and they adopt twins.

        Courteney Cox as Monica Geller: she lives in the old apartment of his grandmother and she’s Ross’ sister. Monica is very competitive and is obsessed with the order and the cleanliness. She works on many restaurant because it's professional chef. The majority of celebrations are done in her apartment. In the seventh season she marries Chandler and they adopt twins.
            Matt LeBlanc as Joey Tribbiani: It comes from an Italian American family and he has eight sisters. It is the least intelligent of the group but he works as an actor. It is a womanizer,though briefly he falls in love with Rachel.

            Lisa Kudrow as Phoebe Buffay: She had a difficult childhood. She is the strangest of the group but she is very affectionate with his friends. She is vegetarian. She works as a masseuse, but she also writes songs and plays with her guitar in Central Perk. In the tenth season she marries Mike Hannigan.

            David Schwimmer as Ross Geller: He is Monica's older brother. He holds a doctorate in paleontology. He started working in a museum and finished of professor at New York University. He divorced Carol, being pregnant with his future son Ben, when he discovered she was lesbian. He passed many divorces and finally he had a daughter with Rachel, Emma.

At the end of the programme Ross and Rachel end up together with her daughter Emma, Phoebe and Mike get married in the street in front of Central Perk in a night of heavy snow and decide that they want to have children, Monica and Chandler move to a house outside of New York with their adopted children. At the end of the last chapter they decide to go for a coffee together.


  • There were some announcements about the last chapter that was seen even on a giant screen in the streets of New York. Before the chapter they put a video with images from all seasons and interviews with characters named "The One with all the other ones: 10 years of FRIENDS". Also, this chapter had 65.9 million viewers. This episode became one of the 33 most watched specials in history
  • The second season was the most watched with 29'4 million viewers.
  • The series was also aired in Argentina, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Peru, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Mexico, Brazil, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Spain, Uruguay, Cuba, Guatemala and Filipinas.
  • Each of the six characters had a salary of $ 22.500 per episode of the first season. For Each episode of the second season they received $ 20,000 or $ 40,000 The protagonists received a salary of $ 75,000 in the third season, $ 85,000 in the fourth, $ 100,000 in the fifth, and $ 125,000 in the sixth season. In the seventh and eighth season they received a salary of $ 750,000 and $ 1,000,000 per episode for the ninth and tenth season. Each of the protagonists earned between $ 89,975,000 and $ 90,455,000 during all the seasons.

Stefanía Muñoz Martínez

The seven Wonders of the ancient world

Like last witting, I want to talk a little bit about  some interesting places so, I'm going to talk about the ancient wonders of the world. The seven wonders of the ancient world are 7 monumental works that existed in ancient times. These wonders have been told by the ancient Greeks, specifically during the Hellenistic period, around the third century BC.
There are the following:
  • The Lighthouse of Alexandria, Alexandria.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria was a tower built in the third century . C. ( between 285 and 247 a.) On the island of Faro in Alexandria , Egypt to serve as a reference point as port and lighthouse. With a height estimated between 115 and 150 meters ( 383-450 feet) height was one of the structures by the highest man made ​​for many centuries, and was identified as one of the Seven Wonders of the World by Antipater of Sidon. It would be shot down by the effects of an earthquake at the beginning of  XIV century. The building consisted of a large square base and an octagonal tower 100 feet high. In the top burning wood and resin; that served as a warning light and signal to mariners . For sailors , it meant a sure guide to their returns to Grand Harbour . For architects , it meant even more ; was the tallest building on earth and scientists was mysterious ; had a mirror that fascinated them . The mirror was a reflection could be seen more than 50 km, offshore . Its location is situated on the ancient island of Pharos , now a promontory within the city of Alexandria. Outside the coast of the city is a small island lights, its name, according to legend is a variation of the "Island of the Pharaohs".    The construction of a signal tower was necessary, for centuries, the Lighthouse of Alexandria was used to mark the harbor, using fire at night and reflecting sun rays in a mirror during the day.                                                        

  •  The Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt.

The Great Pyramid of Giza is the Seven Wonders of the World , the oldest and the only one still exists , besides being the largest of the pyramids. Built by the pharaoh of the fourth dynasty of ancient Egypt , Khufu ( also known by its Greek name Cheops) . The architect of this work was Hemiunu. To avoid an incline and suffered like the pyramid of Dahshur, it was built  a level on the rock platform, leaving a mass of natural rock inside the pyramid, built of limestone blocks placed in horizontal rows instead. Gypsum mortar was also used on the stones lining for easy movement. Finally, the work was coated with white limestone from Tura, although currently there are only a few at the base of the pyramid. The Estimated completion of construction of the Great Pyramid is dated around 2570 . C. , and being the first major of the three great pyramids of Giza , on the outskirts of Cairo , Egypt. It was the tallest building until the fourteenth century (being overtaken by the spire of Lincoln Cathedral in England ) and the building highest stone of the world until well into the nineteenth century , being then superseded by the needle of St. Nikolai , in Hamburg.
The pyramid is composed of three main chambers, two located inside the pyramid , now called King's Chamber and Queen's Chamber , and underground, underground House . A camera is accessed from the north side by a descending passage , obstructed the end of large blocks of granite, which communicated with two passages , one ascending , which flows into the Grand Gallery , and another down , which leads to the underground chamber . Great gallery . The Grand Gallery is a large ascending passage of about 47 meters long and eight meters tall . The walls of the Grand Gallery are flat to a height of eight feet , from there , staggered , forming a vault approximation of the courses. The House of the king. The King's Chamber is made up of granite slabs and is rectangular , walls , smooth ceiling, decoration, and only contains an empty granite sarcophagus without inscriptions, deposited there during the construction of the pyramid , as it is wider the passages ; on the roof are called discharge chambers , and has the highest ceiling with its large tilted blocks , gable , to deflect pressure from high upper blocks of the pyramid , keeping the weight on the roof download real camera . It is accessed by a horizontal passage called antechamber of the upper end of the Grand Gallery . The House Queen . The Queen's Chamber , so called by the Arabs, but as Mark Lehner and traditional Egyptology, was not used for the king's wife but a Ka statue of himself ( Serdab , interior for containing spiritual representation of the deceased: statue Ka ) is almost situated in the axis of the pyramid ; accessed through a horizontal passage which communicates with the bottom of the Grand Gallery , initially hidden by the paving stones . It is rectangular , smooth walls, undecorated , with a niche , and sloping gable roof. The underground chamber. The underground chamber excavated in the subsoil, is rectangular , with irregular floors, walls and flat roof ; contains two dwellings , for sarcophagi , a well and a small gallery. It is reached by a descending passage , which is an extension of the first hall of the pyramid. Also this statement with the Grand Gallery through a narrow tunnel , almost vertical, drilled in the blocks. The ventilation channels . The ventilation channels : each real camera leave two narrow passages inclined , in the north and south walls , called ventilation channels , for that is its current use , airing by electric drives ; its original function is unknown as the House of the Queen did not communicate with the interior in its last stretch , as they were covered by large granite slabs lining the walls . The House of the King were discovered by R. Howard Vyse , and the House of the Queen W. Dixon
Pyramids are just the typical model royal tomb of the Old Kingdom, and they always have the same inclination or slope; if one some appear with a different structure, it is because they were not completely finished.
  •  The Temple of Artemis, Turkey.
The Temple of Artemis, which is also known as the Temple of Diana, was a place of Greek style that was built to be dedicated to the Greek goddess, which was located on what was known in those days as Ephesus in Turkey. This place is still about fifty kilometers from the modern city of Esmirnalzmir, in a valley that is located at the foot of Mount Ayasoluk. Although this place only ruins and the stories that are told when tourists come there are many who are interested in visiting, especially because it is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. This temple was built around 650 BC and from those kings, merchants and curious times they came there; and after a fire and a reconstruction was abandoned, leaving the ruins that can be seen today.
One of the most important features that can still be seen in the Temple of Artemis is a column that is the only one that survives, and reveals the immensity that had this place in the past, it became four times larger than the Parthenon, and the first building of this size to be built entirely of marble worldwide. This temple contained a lot of spectacular art pieces, among which were several Greek artists sculptures, paintings and carved with silver and other columns. Some of these pieces can be seen in the British Museum, so the only thing you can see on the site are the ruins of the whole structure. We recommend going there in the summer months, because everything looks much better, because the surrounding marsh is at its lowest level and get to see the foundations of the buildings that were.

  •  The Statue of Zeus, Olympia
Olimpia was famous because in that city were held every four years for all known Olympic Games in honor of the god Zeus. Olimpia was not really a city, but a world of temples dedicated to various gods and the place at which competitions were held enclave . Built by architect Libón , was made ​​of limestone covered with stucco that simulated marble. However one of the seven wonders of classical antiquity was inside and was the statue of Zeus.The statue of Zeus, made ​​in 432 BC, in crisoelefantina (gold and ivory) , had a height of 12 meters, so it should almost fill the entire interior of the temple. His presence was impressive, giving the temple an insignificant aspect was made ​​in ivory and was sitting on a throne of ebony , ivory, gold and adorned with precious stones. This throne was also decorated with various reliefs relating to Greek mythology . A tunic or robe of gold caia on legs partially tapaban Zeus . The look of the father of the gods was heading down attitude of looking to the faithful who were on their feet. On the available head an olive wreath in her left hand was holding a small figure of a ' Nike " (the goddess of victory) , alluding to the winners of the Olympic Games and in his right hand he held a scepter topped by figure of an eagle , his personal emblem.The fate of the statue is unknown, in the V century AD Christians burn the temple ; according to some versions the statue disappears in the fire , according to others it had been carried to Constantinople to save for what might happen, but in that city his trail is lost and never has been heard of her.Olympia excavations have been made in the temple and found no traces of it , so it may well be that it disappeared during his stay in Constantinople.
  •  The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, Turkey.
The sculpture of Mausolus 
Mausolus was the son of Hecatomno aristocrat he had obtained in 392 BC the satrap of Caria (now southwestern Turkey ) hands of Artaxerxes II. Youth little is known of Mausolus , although it is quite certain that met the Spartan king Agesilaus II. Shortly after 360 BC order was restored , and when Artaxerxes III succeeded his father in the spring of 358 BC , had nothing to fear because of the satraps . He chose to ignore the behavior of Mausolus , who had spent intelligently to be the last to join the rebellion ( conquering part of Lydia, Ionia and neighboring islands ) to the first switch back sides betraying their allies ( for which he was rewarded with the annexation of part of Lycia ) . And although Mausolus had to accept the presence of a Persian garrison in Halicarnassus , acted more or less as an independent governor, which is why it is called in some fuentes.Mausolo king was ruling as the highlights of the satrapy of Caria , and at that time it was common for the founder of a city to receive top honors and a tomb in the central plaza. After the death of Mausolus in 353 BC, his wife Artemisia succeeded to the government and invited the best artists to build grietos the grave of her late husband.
Mausoleo de HalicarnasoThe result was nothing less than one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World , as cataloged Antipater of Sidon. The building was designed by famous architects and Pittheus and Satiro , inspired by traditional Anatolian and Greek architecture. Although the mausoleum was built with bricks , they were covered with white marble island Proconnesian (Sea of ​​Marmara ) , with splendid finishes. The impressive monument posthumously made ​​famous in his time and was copied many times. It is very likely that the architecture of the tomb of Alexander the Great in Alexandria was inspired by Halicarnassos building , which became known as " the mausoleum". From the base to the ceiling, there was a large structure ( 32 × 26 meters) a platform surrounded by 36 columns ( the Pteron ), and in the next platform, a pyramid equal in height to the building that supported it , 24 steps, that they were shaking as the pyramid rose . Finally , the pyramid was topped by a life-size sculpture of a chariot horses, some of which still survives today. The Mausoleum was a total of 50 meters.
The architects wrote a book about the monument that they created. This book was known in Roman times by authors such as Pliny the Older, in his chronicles that provides a brief description of its contents. Pliny says four famous sculptors participated in the construction of the Mausoleum Halicarnassos: Scopas, Briaxis, Tomoteo and Leochares, who were responsible for the decoration on the east, north, south and west,
respectively.  They carved reliefs of Amazons bright (theme amazon) as a famous battle between Greeks and Amazons soldiers.

Mausoleo de Halicarnassos en la actualidad
Mausolus now a day.

Today, the remains of this once great monument featuring a sad stamp. The site already suffered in ancient times, but in the Middle Ages still impressed. In 1522, the Knights of Rhodes destroyed to the last stone and many of their remains used in the construction of Bodrum Castle.

  • The Colossus of Rhodes, Greece.

In 277 BC, the last of the wonders of the ancient world is built. In the Aegean Sea, about 18 km from the coast , we find the most important of the Sporades islands : Rhodes. It is important because their city of the same name , is the capital of the Dodecanese archipelago comprising twenty islands. The geographical location of Rhodes is privileged to trade with Greece , Asia Minor and even Egypt, and because of that it has become the most important commercial center in the Eastern Mediterranean . City decides to raise a memorable monument to Helios , the sun god, in the harbor. The statue grows , first the iron frame and bronze plaques him . Finally , when the statue is completed measures no less than 32 meters. His fame will attract travelers from all over the ancient world to view. With the Colossus , became the world's wonders five that rose on the face of the earth, that number was not surpassed but was decreasing. 56 years after its construction , in 223 BC , an earthquake toppled the Colossus. The inhabitants of Rhodes, on the advice of an oracle , decided to leave his remains lie where they fell.During the Renaissance the Colossus was "discovered" by the humanists , like the rest of Greek art and its magnificence was being circulated that highlighted its size was such that ships passed between its legs. But the Colossus does not need mitificación : be spending a whopping 2,000 years until man make another colossal statue that exceeded.

  • The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Iraq.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and the only one whose location has not been definitively established.Traditionally said to have been built in the ancient city of Babylon , near present- Hilla , Babil Province , Iraq. The Babylonian priest Berossus , writing in about 290 BC and later cited by Josephus , attributed gardens Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II , who ruled between 605 and 562 BC. Awkwardly , no existing Babylonian texts that mention the gardens , and there is no definitive archaeological evidence has been found in Babylon. Due to the lack of evidence, it has been suggested that the hanging gardens are purely legendary and descriptions found in ancient Greek and Roman writers as Strabo , Diodorus and Quintus Curtius Rufus represent a romantic ideal of an Oriental garden.

Ancient texts.In ancient writings the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were first described by Berossus , a Babylonian priest Marduk , who wrote around 290BC , but his books are known only by quotations from later writers ( Josephus ) . There are five main writers (including Berossus ) the disclosures of Babylon are preserved in some form today. These writers are concerned about the size of the Hanging Gardens , why and how they were constructed and how the gardens are irrigated .

There is some controversy as to whether the Hanging Gardens were an actual building or a poetic creation due to the lack of documentation in contemporary Babylonian sources. There is also no mention of the wife of Nebuchadnezzar Amyitis (or any other wife). Herodotus, writing about Babylon, closer in time of Nebuchadnezzar II, does not mention the hanging gardens in their Historias.Hasta date, no archaeological evidence has been found in Babylon in the Hanging Gardens. There may be evidence on the Euphrates, which can not be excavated safely today. The river ran east of its current position in the time of Nebuchadnezzar II, and little is known about the western part of Babylon. Rollinger has suggested that Berossus attributed Gardens of Nebuchadnezzar, for political reasons, and had adopted the legend elsewhere.

Now I am going to give you some short documental about the seven wonders of the ancient world .

There are a lot of cities and place that I didn´t know that  exist. I hope you find interesting this entry and have enjoy it.
Mauna Rabhi